How To Shift Gears On A Mountain Bike – Beginner Guide

Your body can produce enough energy, but soon you will run out of it after constant pedaling. Just go through our new article of genesis v2100 review.

Multiple gears on a mountain bike will help you ride a bike with more precision. You will be able to sustain more energy and efficiently ride your bike.

Shifting gears will also make your ride more enjoyable. Now start Reading How to shift gears on a mountain bike.

But for beginners shifting gears is a big step. Figuring out when to shift into which gear is a tough task for many beginners.

This article is written to explain to beginners how to shift gears on a mountain bike with multiple gears. Soon you will be able to shift gears like the pros. So without any further ado let’s start.

The Types Of Mountain Bike Gear Shifters

There are various types of gear shifters available. First, you will have to understand them before moving onto shifting gears. The most common gear shifters are:

Trigger Shifters

This type of shifters can mostly be found on road bikes and mountain bikes. Shimano RapidFire or Shimano STI is the most commonly found trigger shifters on mountain bikes. Each handlebar grip will have two triggers.

Grip Shifters

These types of shifters let you control the gears by twisting your grip handle forward and backward. There are no particular levers for gear shifting. This is easier to control than trigger shifters.


How many gears should a mountain bike have?

Most mountain bikes have 7 to 11 gears these days in the back. They have around 2-3 chainrings in the front.

When should a rider shift gears?

You can pedal relatively easy on any type of course or terrain if your mountain bike has multiple gears.

If you know the perfect combination of shifting gears, you can basically have a smooth bike ride down and up to any terrain. Let’s see which gear is perfect for which type of terrain

  1. Low gear: It is advised to shift into an easier gear when riding during a windy day. The low gear helps in many things like climbing steep hills. You can effortlessly climb up a hill with your mountain bike, once you get used to the low gears.
  2. Medium or middle gear: This gear is perfect for flat terrains with average sized bumps. You will require some resistance on these types of terrains, but not too much so that it abruptly stops your bike. Just flick through the rear gears if the road tends to go up and down a little bit.
  3. High gear: This is a gear you would want to use when you are more experienced in using gears. The high gear allows you to go faster without much pedaling. But it should only be used on flat roads or terrain. You will be able to cover more distance with just one turn of the bike pedal.


Though gear shifting is fun and easy, it is better to avoid some gears to avoid accidents. Gears like chain crossing should be avoided at all times as they might cause your bike chains to slip off. They also apply severe stress on the bike chains. Now You can read Diamondback Sorrento Review

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